120. J. Davidović-Gidas, G. Đurić, N. Mićić: FRUIT PLANTING MATERIAL STRUCTURE PRODUCED IN THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA (BiH) IN RELATION TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF FRUIT PRODUCERS. Zbornik referatov 4. slovenskega sadjarskega kongresa z mednarodno udeležbo, Krško. str. 265-272
Certification program has been officially introduced in the Republic of Srpska in 2009, but was never fully implemented because of several specificities of the Bosnia and Herzegovina market, which has had a negative impact on fruit planting material production in the Republic of Srpska. Analysis of fruit planting material production size and structure in the Republic of Srpska (BiH) was conducted based on the official documentation from inspection of fruit planting material for the period 1997-2016. Survey amongst fruit producers was conducted in October and November 2014, by using a questionnaire in order to acquire their opinion on domestically produced planting material in relation to their requirements. Majority of produced planting material belongs to the category of standard material (the lowest category in domestic legislation). Total recorded production in observed period was 25075875 fruit plants, majority belonging to apple (7547311 or 30.10%), raspberry (4281120 or 17.07%), plum (3807250 or 15.18%), pear (3181539 or 12.69%) and sour cherry (2455191 or 9.79%). Fruit producers have expressed partial satisfaction with domestic planting material, and are generally satisfied with variety structure. Variety structure reflects traditionalism in production, but steps are being made towards its modernisation. Legislation in the area of nursery production is complicated and represents a major obstacle in modernisation of variety structure, as well as the resistance of fruit producers towards change in traditional production.